Pakistan has been hit by unprecedented deadly floods. These are flash floods to be exact, which are caused by rapid and excessive rainfall that raises water heights quickly, overtaking rivers, streams, channels and roads.
Due to climate change, Pakistan has experienced excessive rains this monsoon season, 2.87 times higher than its national average of the last 30 years, with some areas in Sindh and Balochistan receiving more than five times the average rainfall.
Floods are the most frequently occurring natural disaster. Globally, 80% to 90% of all natural disasters in the last 10 years have comprised flash floods, river floods or coastal floods. The waters sweep away everything in their path. Ill-planned infrastructure quickly collapses, causing loss of human and animal life. The international experience with floods shows that 75% of deaths during the floods take place due to drowning.
People suffer during floods in many different ways. All of a sudden, they are washed away with their belongings and in most cases lose their livelihoods. They are uprooted from their homes and communities, they get separated from their loved ones and there is no longer any social support. As a result, they undergo extreme mental stress and, in many cases, suffer physically.
An integral component
Healthcare is an integral component of any flood…